Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose, your brain’s main source of fuel, is vital to your health because it’s an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues.
If you have diabetes, regardless the type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood. Too much glucose can lead to serious health problems.
Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. There are other potentially reversible diabetes conditions which include a) prediabetes — when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes — and b) gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after the baby is delivered.
Some of the signs and symptoms of type 1 and type 2 diabetes are:
-Unexplained weight loss
-Presence of ketones in the urine (ketones are a byproduct of the breakdown of muscle and fat that happens when there’s not enough available insulin)
-Frequent infections, such as gums or skin infections and vaginal infections Although type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, it typically appears during childhood or adolescence. Type 2 diabetes, the more common type, can develop at any age, though it’s more common in people older than 40.
If you notice any of these symptoms contact your doctor. The earlier the condition is diagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin.