Sleep Apnea

sleep apneaSleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a potentially serious sleep disorder in which breathing repeatedly stops and starts. You may have sleep apnea if you snore loudly and you feel tired even after a full night’s sleep.

There are two main types of sleep apnea:

-Obstructive sleep apnea, the more common form that occurs when throat muscles relax

-Central sleep apnea, which occurs when your brain doesn’t send proper signals to the muscles that control breathing 
If you think you might have sleep apnea, consult your doctor. Treatment is necessary to avoid heart problems and other complications.
The signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas overlap, sometimes making the type of sleep apnea more difficult to determine.

The most common signs and symptoms of obstructive and central sleep apneas include:

-Excessive daytime sleepiness (hypersomnia)

-Loud snoring, which is usually more prominent in obstructive sleep apnea

-Episodes of breathing cessation during sleep witnessed by another person

-Abrupt awakenings accompanied by shortness of breath, which more likely indicates central sleep apnea

-Awakening with a dry mouth or sore throat

-Morning headache

-Difficulty staying asleep (insomnia)

-Attention problems

When to see a doctor

Consult a medical professional if you experience, or if your partner notices, the following:

-Snoring loud enough to disturb the sleep of others or yourself

-Shortness of breath that wakes you from sleep

-Intermittent pauses in your breathing during sleep

-Excessive daytime drowsiness, which may cause you to fall asleep while you’re working, watching television or even driving 
Many people don’t think of snoring as a sign of something potentially serious, and not everyone who has sleep apnea snores. But remember to talk to your doctor if you experience loud snoring, especially snoring that’s interrupted by periods of silence.